1 These are the wordsI that MosesII spokeIII
to allIV IsraelV beyondVI the JordanVII
—in the wilderness,VIII on the plainIX oppositeX Suph,XI
betweenXII ParanXIII andXIV Tophel,XV
Laban,XVI Hazeroth,XVII and Di-zahab.XVIII
2 (By the wayXIX of MountXX SeirXXI
it takes elevenXXII daysXXIII to reach Kadesh-barneaXXIV from Horeb.)XXV
3 XXVIIn the fortiethXXVII year,XXVIII
on the firstXXIX dayXXX of the eleventhXXXI month,XXXII
Moses spoke to the IsraelitesXXXIII justXXXIV as the LordXXXV had commandedXXXVI him to speak to them.
4 This was afterXXXVII he had defeatedXXXVIII KingXXXIX SihonXL
of the Amorites,XLI who reignedXLII in Heshbon,XLIII
and King OgXLIV of Bashan,XLV who reigned in AshtarothXLVI in Edrei.XLVII
5 Beyond the Jordan in the landXLVIII of Moab,XLIX Moses undertookL
to expoundLI this lawLII as follows:LIII
6 “The Lord our GodLIV spoke to us at Horeb, saying,LV
‘You have stayedLVI long enoughLVII at this mountain.LVIII 7 Resume your journey,LIX and goLX into the hill countryLXI of the Amorites
as well as into the neighboring regionsLXII—the Arabah,LXIII the hill country, the Shephelah,LXIV the Negeb,LXV
and the seacoastLXVI—the land of the CanaanitesLXVII and the Lebanon,LXVIII
as far as the greatLXIX river,LXX the River Euphrates.LXXI
8 See,LXXII I have setLXXIII the land beforeLXXIV you; go inLXXV and take possessionLXXVI of the land
that the Lord sworeLXXVII to your ancestors,LXXVIII to Abraham,LXXIX to Isaac,LXXX
and to Jacob,LXXXI to giveLXXXII to them and to their descendantsLXXXIII after them.’
9 “At that timeLXXXIV I said to you,LXXXV ‘I am unableLXXXVI by myselfLXXXVII to bearLXXXVIII you.
10 The Lord your God has multipliedLXXXIX you,XC so that todayXCI you are as numerousXCII as the starsXCIII of heaven.XCIV
11 May the Lord, the God of your ancestors, increaseXCV you a thousandXCVI timesXCVII more and blessXCVIII you, as he has promisedXCIX you!
12 But how can I bear the heavyC burdenCI of your disputesCII all by myself? 13 ChooseCIII for each of your tribesCIV individualsCV
who are wise,CVI discerning,CVII and reputable,CVIII and I will makeCIX them your leaders.’CX
14 You answeredCXI me,CXII ‘The planCXIII you have proposedCXIV is a goodCXV one.’
15 So I tookCXVI the leaders of your tribes, wise and reputable individuals,CXVII and installedCXVIII them as leaders over you, commandersCXIX of thousands, commanders of hundreds,CXX commanders of fifties,CXXI
commanders of tens,CXXII and officials,CXXIII throughout your tribes. 16 I chargedCXXIV your judgesCXXV at that time:CXXVI, CXXVII
‘GiveCXXVIII the members of your communityCXXIX a fair hearingCXXX and judge rightlyCXXXI
between one personCXXXII andCXXXIII another, whether kinCXXXIV orCXXXV resident alien.CXXXVI
17 You must not be partialCXXXVII in judging:CXXXVIII hear outCXXXIX the smallCXL and the great alike;
you shall not be intimidatedCXLI byCXLII anyone,CXLIII for the judgmentCXLIV is God’s. Any caseCXLV that is too hardCXLVI for you, bringCXLVII to me, and I will hear it.’
18 So I charged you at that timeCXLVIII with all the thingsCXLIX that you should do.CL
19 “Then, just as the Lord our God had orderedCLI us, we set outCLII from Horeb
and went throughCLIII all that great and terribleCLIV wilderness that you saw, on the way to the hill country of the Amorites, until we reachedCLV Kadesh-barnea.
20 I said to you, ‘You have reached the hill country of the Amorites, which the Lord our God is giving us. 21 See, the Lord your God has given the land toCLVI you; go up,CLVII take possession, as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has promised you; do not fearCLVIII or be dismayed.’CLIX
22 “All of you cameCLX to me and said, ‘Let us sendCLXI menCLXII aheadCLXIII of us to exploreCLXIV the land for us
and bring backCLXV a reportCLXVI to us regarding the routeCLXVII by which we should go up and the citiesCLXVIII we will comeCLXIX to.’
23 The plan seemed goodCLXX to me,CLXXI and I selectedCLXXII twelveCLXXIII of you, one from eachCLXXIV tribe.
24 They set outCLXXV and went up into the hill country, and when they reached the WadiCLXXVI EshcolCLXXVII they spied it outCLXXVIII
25 and gatheredCLXXIX, CLXXX some of the land’s produce,CLXXXI which they brought downCLXXXII to us. They brought backCLXXXIII a report to us and said, ‘It is a good land that the Lord our God is giving us.’
26 “But you were unwillingCLXXXIV to go up. You rebelled againstCLXXXV the commandCLXXXVI of the Lord your God; 27 you grumbledCLXXXVII in your tentsCLXXXVIII
and said, ‘It is because the Lord hatesCLXXXIX us that he has broughtCXC us out of the land of Egypt,CXCI to hand us overCXCII toCXCIII the Amorites to destroyCXCIV us.
28 Where are we headed?CXCV Our kindredCXCVI have made our heartsCXCVII meltCXCVIII by reporting,CXCIX
“The peopleCC are strongerCCI and tallerCCII than we; the cities are largeCCIII and fortifiedCCIV up to heaven!
We actuallyCCV saw there the offspringCCVI of the Anakim!”’CCVII
29 I said to you, ‘Have no dreadCCVIII or fear of them. 30 The Lord your God, who goesCCIX beforeCCX you, is the one who will fightCCXI for you, justCCXII as he did for you in Egypt before your very eyesCCXIII
31 and in the wilderness, where you saw how the Lord your God carriedCCXIV you, just as oneCCXV carries a child,CCXVI all the way that you traveledCCXVII until you reached this place.CCXVIII
32 But in spite of this,CCXIX you have noCCXX trustCCXXI in the Lord your God, 33 who goes beforeCCXXII you on the way to seek outCCXXIII a place for you to camp,CCXXIV
in fireCCXXV by night,CCXXVI and in the cloudCCXXVII by day,CCXXVIII to showCCXXIX you the route you should take.’CCXXX
34 “When the Lord heardCCXXXI your words, he was wrathfulCCXXXII and swore,CCXXXIII
35 ‘Not oneCCXXXIV of these—not oneCCXXXV of this evilCCXXXVI generationCCXXXVII—shall see the good land that I swore to give to your ancestors,
36 exceptCCXXXVIII CalebCCXXXIX sonCCXL of Jephunneh.CCXLI
He shall see it, and to him and to his descendantsCCXLII I will give the land on which he set foot,CCXLIII because ofCCXLIV his complete fidelityCCXLV toCCXLVI the Lord.’
37 EvenCCXLVII with me the Lord was angryCCXLVIII on your account,CCXLIX saying, ‘You alsoCCL shall not enterCCLI there.
38 JoshuaCCLII son of Nun,CCLIII your assistant,CCLIV shall enter there; encourageCCLV him, for he is the one who will secure Israel’s possessionCCLVI of it.
39 And as for your little onesCCLVII who you thoughtCCLVIII would becomeCCLIX plunder,CCLX your children who today do not yet knowCCLXI rightCCLXII from wrong,CCLXIII they shall enter there; to them I will give it, and they shall take possession of it.
40 But as for you, journey backCCLXIV into the wilderness, in the directionCCLXV of the RedCCLXVI Sea.’CCLXVII
41 “You answered me,CCLXVIII ‘We have sinnedCCLXIX against the Lord! We are ready to go up and fight, just as the Lord our God commandedCCLXX us.’
So allCCLXXI of you strappedCCLXXII on your battleCCLXXIII gearCCLXXIV and thought it easyCCLXXV to go up into the hill country.
42 The Lord said to me, ‘Say to them: “Do not go up, and do not fight, for I am notCCLXXVI in the midstCCLXXVII of you; otherwise you will be defeatedCCLXXVIII byCCLXXIX your enemies.”’CCLXXX
43 Although I toldCCLXXXI you, you would not listen.CCLXXXII You rebelled against the commandCCLXXXIII of the Lord and presumptuouslyCCLXXXIV went up into the hill country. 44 The Amorites who livedCCLXXXV in that hill country then came outCCLXXXVI againstCCLXXXVII you
and chasedCCLXXXVIII you as beesCCLXXXIX do. They beat you downCCXC in Seir as far as Hormah.CCXCI
45 When you returnedCCXCII and weptCCXCIII beforeCCXCIV the Lord, the Lord would neither heedCCXCV your voiceCCXCVI nor pay you any attention.CCXCVII
46 “After you had stayed at KadeshCCXCVIII as manyCCXCIX days as you did,CCC
Image credit: “Exodus (Path to Freedom)” by Curtis and Pip Reid of Bible Pathway Adventures.