1 “we journeyedI backII into the wilderness,III
in the directionIV of the RedV Sea,VI
as the LordVII had toldVIII me, and skirtedIX
MountX SeirXI for manyXII days.XIII
2 Then the Lord saidXIV to me,XV 3 ‘You have been skirting this hill countryXVI long enough.XVII HeadXVIII north,XIX
4 and chargeXX the peopleXXI as follows:XXII “You are about to pass throughXXIII the territoryXXIV of your kindred,XXV
the descendantsXXVI of Esau,XXVII who liveXXVIII in Seir. They will be afraidXXIX of you, so be veryXXX carefulXXXI
5 not to engage in battleXXXII with them, for I will not giveXXXIII you even so much as a foot’s lengthXXXIV of their land,XXXV since I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession.XXXVI
6 You shall purchaseXXXVII foodXXXVIII from them for money,XXXIX so that you may eat,XL
and you shall alsoXLI buyXLII waterXLIII from them for money, so that you may drink.XLIV
7 Surely the Lord your GodXLV has blessedXLVI you in allXLVII your undertakings;XLVIII, XLIX
he knowsL your going throughLI this greatLII wilderness.
These fortyLIII yearsLIV the Lord your God has been with you; you have lackedLV nothing.”’LVI
8 So we passed by our kin,LVII the descendants of Esau who live in Seir, leaving behind the routeLVIII of the ArabahLIX and leaving behindLX ElathLXI and Ezion-geber.LXII
“When we had headed outLXIII along the route of the wilderness of Moab,LXIV 9 the Lord said to me, ‘Do not harassLXV Moab
or engage them in battle,LXVI for I will not give you any of its land as a possession, since I have given ArLXVII as a possession to the descendants of Lot.’LXVIII
10 (The EmimLXIX—a largeLXX and numerousLXXI people, as tallLXXII as the AnakimLXXIII—
had formerlyLXXIV inhabitedLXXV it. 11 Like the Anakim, they are usuallyLXXVI reckonedLXXVII as Rephaim,LXXVIII
though the MoabitesLXXIX callLXXX them Emim. 12 Moreover, the HorimLXXXI had formerly inhabited Seir, but the descendants of Esau dispossessedLXXXII them, destroyingLXXXIII, LXXXIV them
and settlingLXXXV in their place,LXXXVI as IsraelLXXXVII has doneLXXXVIII in the land that the Lord gave them as a possession.)
13 ‘Now then, proceedLXXXIX to cross overXC the WadiXCI Zered.’XCII
“So we crossed over the Wadi Zered. 14 And the length of timeXCIII we had traveledXCIV from Kadesh-barneaXCV
until we crossed the Wadi Zered was thirtyXCVI-eightXCVII years, until the entire generationXCVIII of warriorsXCIX
had perishedC fromCI the camp,CII as the Lord had swornCIII concerning them.
15 Indeed,CIV the Lord’s own handCV wasCVI against them, to root them outCVII fromCVIII the camp, until all had perished.CIX
16 “CXJust as soon as all the warriorsCXI had died offCXII from amongCXIII the people,
17 the Lord spokeCXIV to me, saying, 18 ‘TodayCXV you are going to cross the boundaryCXVI of Moab at Ar. 19 When you approachCXVII the frontierCXVIII of the Ammonites,CXIX do not harass them or engage them in battle, for I will not give the land of the Ammonites to you as a possession, because I have given it to the descendants of Lot.’
20 (It also is usually reckoned as a land of Rephaim. Rephaim formerly inhabited it, though the AmmonitesCXX call them Zamzummim,CXXI 21 a strongCXXII and numerous people, as tall as the Anakim. But the Lord destroyed them from beforeCXXIII the Ammonites so that they could dispossess them and settle in their place.
22 He did the same for the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, by destroying the Horites beforeCXXIV them so that they could dispossess them and settle in their place even to this day. 23 As for the Avvim,CXXV who had lived in settlementsCXXVI
in the vicinity ofCXXVII Gaza,CXXVIII the Caphtorim,CXXIX who cameCXXX from Caphtor,CXXXI destroyed them and settled in their place.)
24 ‘Proceed on your journey and cross the Wadi Arnon.CXXXII See,CXXXIII I have handed over toCXXXIV you
KingCXXXV SihonCXXXVI the AmoriteCXXXVII of Heshbon,CXXXVIII and his land.
BeginCXXXIX to take possessionCXL by engaging him in battle. 25 This day I will begin to putCXLI the dreadCXLII
and fearCXLIII of you uponCXLIV the peoples everywhereCXLV underCXLVI heaven;CXLVII
when they hearCXLVIII reportCXLIX of you, they will trembleCL and be in anguishCLI because ofCLII you.’
26 “So I sentCLIII messengersCLIV from the wilderness of KedemothCLV to King Sihon of Heshbon
with the following termsCLVI of peace:CLVII 27 ‘If you let me pass through your land, I will travel only alongCLVIII the road;CLIX
I will turn asideCLX neither to the rightCLXI nor to the left.CLXII
28 You shall sellCLXIII me food for money, so that I may eat, and supplyCLXIV me water for money, so that I may drink. OnlyCLXV allow me to pass through on footCLXVI—
29 just as the descendants of Esau who live in Seir have done for me and likewise the Moabites who live in Ar—until I cross the JordanCLXVII into the land that the Lord our God is giving us.’ 30 But King Sihon of Heshbon was not willingCLXVIII to let us pass through, for the Lord your God had hardenedCLXIX his spiritCLXX
and made his heartCLXXI defiantCLXXII in order to hand him overCLXXIII to you, as he has nowCLXXIV done.
31 “The Lord said to me, ‘See, I have begun to give Sihon and his land over toCLXXV you. Begin now to take possession of his land.’ 32 So when Sihon came outCLXXVI againstCLXXVII us, he and all his people for battle at Jahaz,CLXXVIII
33 the Lord our God gave him overCLXXIX toCLXXX us, and we struck him down,CLXXXI along with his offspringCLXXXII and all his people.
34 At that timeCLXXXIII we capturedCLXXXIV all his towns,CLXXXV
and in eachCLXXXVI town we utterly destroyedCLXXXVII men,CLXXXVIII women,CLXXXIX and children.CXC We leftCXCI not a singleCXCII survivor.
35 Only the livestockCXCIII we kept as spoilCXCIV for ourselves, as well as the plunderCXCV of the towns that we had captured. 36 From AroerCXCVI on the edgeCXCVII of the Wadi Arnon
(including the town that is in the wadi itself) as far as Gilead,CXCVIII there was no citadelCXCIX too highCC for us.
The Lord our God gave everythingCCI toCCII us. 37 You did not encroach,CCIIIi however,CCIV on the land of the Ammonites,CCV
avoiding the wholeCCVI upper regionCCVII of the Wadi JabbokCCVIII as well as the towns of the hill country, just asCCIX the Lord our God had charged.
Image credit: “The Conquest of the Amorites” by James Tissot, before 1903.