1 The whole congregationI of the IsraelitesII set outIII from Elim;IV
and Israel cameV to the wildernessVI of Sin,VII which is between Elim and Sinai,VIII
on the fifteenthIX dayX of the secondXI monthXII after they had departedXIII from the landXIV of Egypt.XV
2 The whole congregation of the Israelites complainedXVI against MosesXVII and AaronXVIII in the wilderness.
3 The Israelites said to them, “If onlyXIX we had diedXX by the handXXI of the LordXXII in the land of Egypt,
when we satXXIII by the fleshpotsXXIV and ateXXV our fillXXVI of bread;XXVII
for you have brought us outXXVIII into this wilderness to killXXIX this whole assemblyXXX with hunger.”XXXI
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “XXXIII am going to rain bread from heavenXXXIII for you, and each day the peopleXXXIV shall go outXXXV and gatherXXXVI enoughXXXVII for that day.
In that way I will testXXXVIII them, whether they will followXXXIX my instructionXL or not.
5 XLIOn the sixthXLII day, when they prepareXLIII what they bring in,XLIV it will beXLV twiceXLVI as much as they gather on other days.”
6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening you shall knowXLVII that it was the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt, 7 and in the morningXLVIII you shall seeXLIX the gloryL of the Lord, because he has heardLI your complainingLII against the Lord. For what are we, that you complain against us?”
8 And Moses said, “When the Lord givesLIII you meatLIV to eat in the evening and your fillLV of bread in the morning, because the Lord has heard the complaining that you utterLVI against him—what are we? Your complaining is not against us but against the Lord.”
9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to the whole congregation of the Israelites, ‘Draw nearLVII toLVIII the Lord, for he has heard your complaining.’” 10 AndLIX as Aaron spokeLX to the whole congregation of the Israelites,
they lookedLXI toward the wilderness, andLXII the glory of the Lord appearedLXIII in the cloud.LXIV
11 The Lord spoke to Moses and said, 12 “I have heard the complaining of the Israelites; say to them, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall have your fill of bread; then you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’”LXV
13 LXVIIn the evening quailsLXVII came upLXVIII and coveredLXIX the camp;LXX
and in the morning there was a layerLXXI of dewLXXII aroundLXXIII the camp.
14 When the layer of dew lifted,LXXIV thereLXXV on the surfaceLXXVI of the wilderness was a fineLXXVII flaky substance,LXXVIII as fine as frostLXXIX on the ground.LXXX
15 When the Israelites saw it, they said to one another,LXXXI “What is it?”LXXXII For they did not know what it was.
Moses said to them, “It is the bread that the Lord has given you to eat.LXXXIII 16 This is whatLXXXIV the Lord has commanded:LXXXV
‘Gather as much of it asLXXXVI eachLXXXVII of you needs,LXXXVIII
an omerLXXXIX to a personXC according to the numberXCI of persons,XCII
allXCIII providingXCIV for those in their own tents.’”XCV
17 The Israelites didXCVI so,XCVII some gathering more,XCVIII some less.XCIX
18 But when they measuredC it with an omer, those who gathered muchCI had nothing over,CII and those who gathered littleCIII had no shortage;CIV they gathered as much as each of them needed.
Image credit: “Gathering of the Manna” by Palma il Giovane at the San Giacomo dall’Orio, in Venice, 1575.