1 These are the ordinancesI that you shall setII beforeIII them:
2 When you buyIV a male HebrewV slave,VI
he shall serveVII sixVIII years, but in the seventhIX he shall go outX a free person,XI without debt.XII
3 If he comes inXIII single,XIV he shall go out single; if he comes in married,XV then his wifeXVI shall go out with him.
4 If his masterXVII givesXVIII him a wife and she bearsXIX him sonsXX or daughters,XXI the wife and her childrenXXII shall beXXIII her master’s and he shall go out alone.XXIV
5 But if the slaveXXV declares,XXVI “I loveXXVII my master, my wife, and my children;XXVIII I will not go out a free person,” 6 then his master shall bringXXIX him beforeXXX God.XXXI
He shall be brought to the doorXXXII or the doorpost; and his master shall pierceXXXIII his earXXXIV with an awl;XXXV and he shall serve him for life.XXXVI
7 When a manXXXVII sellsXXXVIII his daughter as a slave,XXXIX she shall not go out as the male slaves do.XL 8 If she does not pleaseXLI, XLII her master,
who designatedXLIII her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed;XLIV he shall have no rightXLV to sell her to a foreignXLVI people,XLVII since he has dealt unfairlyXLVIII with her.
9 If he designates her for his son, he shall dealXLIX with her as withL a daughter. 10 If he takesLI anotherLII wife to himself, he shall not diminishLIII the food,LIV clothing,LV or marital rightsLVI of the first wife.
11 And if he does not doLVII these threeLVIII things for her, she shall go out without debt, without payment of money.LIX 12 Whoever strikesLX a personLXI mortallyLXII shall be put to death.LXIII
13 If it was not premeditated,LXIV but came aboutLXV by an actLXVI of God, then I will appointLXVII for you a placeLXVIII to which the killer may flee.LXIX
14 But if someoneLXX willfully attacksLXXI and killsLXXII anotherLXXIII by treachery,LXXIV you shall take the killer from my altarLXXV for execution.LXXVI
15 Whoever strikes fatherLXXVII or motherLXXVIII shall be put to death.LXXIX 16 Whoever kidnapsLXXX a person, whether that person has been sold or is still heldLXXXI in possession,LXXXII shall be put to death.LXXXIII
17 Whoever cursesLXXXIV father or mother shall be put to death.LXXXV 18 When individualsLXXXVI quarrelLXXXVII and oneLXXXVIII strikes the otherLXXXIX
with a stoneXC or fistXCI so that the injured party, though not dead,XCII is confinedXCIII to bed,XCIV
19 but recoversXCV and walksXCVI around outsideXCVII with the help of a staff,XCVIII
then the assailantXCIX shall be free of liability,C exceptCI to payCII for the loss of time,CIII and to arrange for full recovery.CIV
20 When a slaveownerCV strikes a male or female slave with a rodCVI and the slave dies immediately,CVII the owner shall be punished.CVIII
21 ButCIX if the slave survivesCX a dayCXI or two,CXII there is no punishment; for the slave is the owner’s property.CXIII
22 When peopleCXIV who are fightingCXV injureCXVI a pregnantCXVII womanCXVIII so that there is a miscarriage,CXIX
and yet no further harmCXX follows,CXXI the one responsible shall be finedCXXII what the woman’s husbandCXXIII demands,CXXIV paying as much as the judgesCXXV determine.
23 If any harm follows, then you shall give lifeCXXVI forCXXVII life, 24 eyeCXXVIII for eye, toothCXXIX for tooth,
handCXXX for hand, footCXXXI for foot, 25 burnCXXXII for burn, woundCXXXIII for wound, stripeCXXXIV for stripe.
26 When a slaveowner strikes the eye of a male orCXXXV female slave, destroyingCXXXVI it, the owner shall let the slave go,CXXXVII a free person, to compensate for the eye. 27 If the owner knocks outCXXXVIII a tooth of a male orCXXXIX female slave, the slave shall be let go, a free person, to compensate for the tooth.
28 When an oxCXL goresCXLI a man or a woman to death, the ox shall be stoned,CXLII and its fleshCXLIII shall not be eaten;CXLIV but the ownerCXLV of the ox shall not be liable.CXLVI
29 If the ox has been accustomed to goreCXLVII in the past,CXLVIII and its owner has been warnedCXLIX but has not restrainedCL it, and it killsCLI a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall be put to death.
30 If a ransomCLII is imposedCLIII on the owner, then the owner shall pay whateverCLIV is imposed for the redemptionCLV of the victim’s life. 31 If it gores a boyCLVI orCLVII a girl,CLVIII the owner shall be dealt with according to this same rule.CLIX
32 If the ox gores a male or female slave, the owner shall pay to the slaveownerCLX thirtyCLXI shekelsCLXII of silver,CLXIII and the ox shall be stoned.
33 If someone leaves a pitCLXIV open,CLXV orCLXVI digsCLXVII a pit and does not coverCLXVIII it,
and an ox or a donkeyCLXIX fallsCLXX into it, 34 the owner of the pit shall make restitution,CLXXI givingCLXXII money to its owner, but keepingCLXXIII the dead animal.
35 If someone’s ox hurtsCLXXIV the ox of another, so that it dies, then they shall sell the liveCLXXV ox and divideCLXXVI the priceCLXXVII of it; and the dead animal they shall also divide. 36 But if it was knownCLXXVIII that the ox was accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has not restrained it, the owner shall restoreCLXXIX ox for ox, but keep the dead animal.
Image credit: “Eye” by BinnX 1, 2013.