1 The LordI spokeII to Moses,III saying,
2 “Speak to the IsraelitesIV and say to them: When a personV makesVI
an explicit vowVII to the Lord concerning the equivalentVIII for a human being,IX
3 the equivalent for a maleX shall be:XI from twentyXII to sixtyXIII yearsXIV
of ageXV the equivalent shall be fiftyXVI shekelsXVII of silverXVIII by the sanctuaryXIX shekel.
4 If the person is a female,XX the equivalent is thirtyXXI shekels. 5 If the age is from fiveXXII to twenty years of age, the equivalent is twenty shekels for a male and tenXXIII shekels for a female.
6 If the age is from one monthXXIV to five years, the equivalent for a male is five shekels of silver, and for a female the equivalent is threeXXV shekels of silver. 7 And if the person is sixty years old or over,XXVI then the equivalent for a male is fifteenXXVII shekels and for a female ten shekels.
8 If any cannot affordXXVIII the equivalent, they shall be broughtXXIX beforeXXX the priestXXXI
and the priest shall assessXXXII them; the priest shall assess them according to what each oneXXXIII making a vowXXXIV can afford.XXXV
9 “If the vow concerns an animalXXXVI that may be broughtXXXVII as an offeringXXXVIII to the Lord, anyXXXIX such animal that may be givenXL to the Lord shall be holy.XLI
10 Another shall not be exchangedXLII or substitutedXLIII for it, either goodXLIV for badXLV or bad for good,
and if one animal is substitutedXLVI for another,XLVII both that one and its substituteXLVIII shall be holy.
11 If the vow concerns any uncleanXLIX animal that may not be broughtL as an offering to the Lord, the animal shall be presentedLI beforeLII the priest.
12 The priest shall assess it: whetherLIII good orLIV bad, according to the assessmentLV of the priest, soLVI it shall be.
13 But if it is to be redeemed,LVII one-fifthLVIII must be addedLIX to the assessment.
14 “If a personLX consecratesLXI a houseLXII to the Lord, the priest shall assess it: whether good or bad, as the priest assesses it, so it shall stand.LXIII 15 And if the one who consecrates the house wishes to redeem it, one-fifth shall be added to its assessed value,LXIV and it shall revert to the original owner.LXV
16 “If a personLXVI consecrates to the Lord any inheritedLXVII landholding,LXVIII its assessment shall be in accordance withLXIX its seed requirements:LXX
fifty shekels of silver to a homerLXXI of barleyLXXII seed.LXXIII
17 If the person consecrates the fieldLXXIV as of the year of Jubilee,LXXV that assessment shall stand, 18 but if the field is consecrated afterLXXVI the Jubilee, the priest shall computeLXXVII the priceLXXVIII for it according to the years that remainLXXIX until the year of Jubilee, and the assessment shall be reduced.LXXX
19 And if the one who consecrates the field wishes to redeemLXXXI it, then one-fifth shall be added to its assessed value, and it shall revert to the original owner,LXXXII 20 but if the field is not redeemed or if it has been soldLXXXIII to someoneLXXXIV else,LXXXV itLXXXVI shall no longer be redeemable.LXXXVII
21 ButLXXXVIII when the field is releasedLXXXIX in the Jubilee, it shall be holy to the Lord as a devotedXC field; it becomesXCI the priest’s holding.XCII 22 If someone consecrates to the Lord a field that has been purchasedXCIII that is not a part of the inherited landholding,
23 the priest shall compute for it the proportionateXCIV assessment up to the year of Jubilee, and the assessment shall be paidXCV as of that day,XCVI a sacred donationXCVII to the Lord. 24 In the year of Jubilee the field shall returnXCVIII to the one from whom it was bought,XCIX whose holding the landC is.
25 AllCI assessments shall be by the sanctuary shekel: twenty gerahsCII shall makeCIII a shekel.
26 “A firstlingCIV of animals, however,CV
which as a firstlingCVI belongs to the Lord, cannot be consecrated by anyone;CVII whether oxCVIII or sheep,CIX it is the Lord’s. 27 If it is an unclean animal, it shall be ransomedCX at its assessment, with one-fifth added; if it is not redeemed, it shall be sold at its assessment.
28 “CXINothing that a personCXII owns that has been devoted to destructionCXIII for the Lord,CXIV
be itCXV humanCXVI or animal or inherited landholding, may be sold or redeemed; everyCXVII devoted thingCXVIII is most holyCXIX to the Lord.CXX
29 NoCXXI human beingsCXXII who have been devoted to destructionCXXIII can be ransomed; they shall be put to death.CXXIV
30 “All tithesCXXV from the land, whether the seed from the groundCXXVI or the fruitCXXVII from the tree,CXXVIII are the Lord’s;CXXIX they are holy to the Lord.CXXX
31 If persons wish to redeemCXXXI any of their tithes, they must add one-fifth to them. 32 All tithes of herdCXXXII and flock,CXXXIII every tenthCXXXIV one
that passesCXXXV underCXXXVI the shepherd’s staff,CXXXVII shall be holy to the Lord.CXXXVIII
33 Let no one inquireCXXXIX whether it is good or bad or make substitution for it; if one makes substitutionCXL for it, thenCXLI both it and the substitute shall be holy and cannot be redeemed.”
34 These are the commandmentsCXLII that the LordCXLIII gaveCXLIV to Moses for the Israelites on MountCXLV Sinai.CXLVI
Image credit: “Beit Alfa Synagogue Mosaic” from the 6th Century AD.