1 When the Canaanite,I the kingII of Arad,III
who livedIV in the Negeb,V heardVI that IsraelVII
was comingVIII by the wayIX of Atharim,X he foughtXI against Israel and tookXII some of them captive.XIII
2 Then Israel madeXIV a vowXV to the LordXVI and said,XVII
“If you will indeed giveXVIII this peopleXIX into our hands,XX then we will utterly destroyXXI their towns.”XXII
3 The Lord listenedXXIII to the voiceXXIV of Israel and handed overXXV the Canaanites, and they utterly destroyed them and their towns; so the place was calledXXVI, XXVII Hormah.XXVIII
4 From MountXXIX HorXXX they set outXXXI by the way to the RedXXXII Sea,XXXIII
to go aroundXXXIV the landXXXV of Edom,XXXVI but theXXXVII people became discouragedXXXVIII on the way.
5 The people spokeXXXIX against GodXL and against Moses,XLI
“Why have you brought us upXLII out of EgyptXLIII to dieXLIV in the wilderness?XLV
For there is no foodXLVI and no water,XLVII and weXLVIII detestXLIX this miserableL food.”
6 Then the Lord sentLI poisonousLII serpentsLIII among the people, and they bitLIV the people, so that manyLV IsraelitesLVI died.
7 The people came to Moses and said, “We have sinnedLVII by speaking against the Lord and against you; prayLVIII to the Lord to take awayLIX the serpents from us.” So Moses prayed forLX the people.
8 And the Lord said to Moses, “MakeLXI a poisonous serpent,LXII and setLXIII it on a pole,LXIV
andLXV everyoneLXVI who is bitten shall lookLXVII at it and live.”LXVIII
9 So Moses madeLXIX a serpent of bronzeLXX and putLXXI it upon a pole, andLXXII whenever a serpent bit someone,LXXIII that person would lookLXXIV at the serpent of bronze and live.
10 The IsraelitesLXXV set out and campedLXXVI in Oboth.LXXVII
11 They set out from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim,LXXVIII in the wilderness borderingLXXIX MoabLXXX toward the sunrise.LXXXI
12 From there they set out and camped in the WadiLXXXII Zered.LXXXIII 13 From there they set out and camped on the other sideLXXXIV of the Arnon,LXXXV
in the wilderness that extendsLXXXVI from the boundaryLXXXVII of the Amorites,LXXXVIII for the Arnon is the boundary of Moab, betweenLXXXIX Moab andXC the Amorites.
14 WhereforeXCI it is said in the BookXCII of the WarsXCIII of the Lord,
“WahebXCIV in SuphahXCV and the wadis.
The Arnon 15 and the slopesXCVI of the wadis
that extendXCVII to the seatXCVIII of ArXCIX
and lieC along the borderCI of Moab.”
16 From there they continued to Beer;CII that is the wellCIII of which the Lord said to Moses, “GatherCIV the people together, and I will give them water.”
17 Then Israel sangCV this song:CVI
“Spring up,CVII O well!—SingCVIII to it!—
18 the well that the leadersCIX sank,CX
that the noblesCXI of the people dug,CXII
with the scepter,CXIII with the staff.”CXIV
From the wilderness to Mattanah,CXV 19 from Mattanah to Nahaliel,CXVI from Nahaliel to Bamoth,CXVII
20 and from Bamoth to the valleyCXVIII lying in the regionCXIX of Moab by the topCXX of PisgahCXXI
that overlooksCXXII theCXXIII wasteland.CXXIV
21 Then Israel sent messengersCXXV to King SihonCXXVI of the Amorites, saying, 22 “Let me pass throughCXXVII your land;
we will not turn asideCXXVIII into fieldCXXIX or vineyard;CXXX we will not drinkCXXXI the water of any well; we will goCXXXII by the King’s HighwayCXXXIII until we have passed through your territory.”CXXXIV
23 But Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his territory. Sihon gathered allCXXXV his people together and went outCXXXVI againstCXXXVII Israel to the wilderness; he came to JahazCXXXVIII and fought against Israel.
24 Israel putCXXXIX him to theCXL swordCXLI and took possessionCXLII of his land
from the Arnon to the Jabbok,CXLIII as far as to the Ammonites,CXLIV for the boundary of the Ammonites was strong.CXLV
25 Israel tookCXLVI all these towns, and Israel settledCXLVII in all the towns of the Amorites, in Heshbon,CXLVIII and in all its villages.CXLIX
26 For Heshbon was the cityCL of King Sihon of the Amorites, who had fought against the formerCLI king of Moab and capturedCLII all his land as far as the Arnon.
27 ThereforeCLIII the singersCLIV say,
“Come to Heshbon; let it be built;CLV
let the city of Sihon be established.CLVI
28 For fireCLVII came outCLVIII from Heshbon,
flameCLIX from the cityCLX of Sihon.
It devouredCLXI Ar of Moab
and swallowed up the heightsCLXII of the Arnon.
29 WoeCLXIII to you, O Moab!
You are undone,CLXIV O people of Chemosh!CLXV
He has madeCLXVI his sonsCLXVII fugitivesCLXVIII
and his daughtersCLXIX captives
to an Amorite king, Sihon.
30 So their posterityCLXX perishedCLXXI
from Heshbon to Dibon,CLXXII
and we laid wasteCLXXIII until fireCLXXIV spread to Medeba.”CLXXV
31 Thus Israel settled in the land of the Amorites. 32 Moses sent to spy outCLXXVI Jazer,CLXXVII and they capturedCLXXVIII its villages and dispossessedCLXXIX the Amorites who were there.
33 Then they turnedCLXXX and went upCLXXXI the roadCLXXXII to Bashan,CLXXXIII and King OgCLXXXIV of Bashan came out against them, he and all his people, to battleCLXXXV at Edrei.CLXXXVI
34 But the Lord said to Moses, “Do not be afraidCLXXXVII of him, for I have given him into your hand, with all his people and his land. You shall doCLXXXVIII to him as you did to King Sihon of the Amorites, who livedCLXXXIX in Heshbon.”
35 So they killedCXC him, his sons, and all his people, until there was noCXCI survivorCXCII left,CXCIII and they took possession of his land.
Image credit: Detail from “Vine Altar” by Arnold Morkramer at the Church of St. Mauritius in Kärlich, 1976.